Archaeology and Cultural Resources
Cultural Resources includes ancient and historic items or places created or used by humans.   Archaeology is the scientific study of ancient (very old, usually over a couple of hundred years) material remains (e.g. fossil relics, artifacts, monuments) of past human life and activities.
Cultural resources are protected by the American Antiquities Act of 1906 (16 USC 431-433) prohibits any adverse actions taken on historic or prehistoric human resouces on federal lands without a permit.   Other related laws include the National Historic Preservation Act, the Native American Graves Protection & Repatriation Act, and the Archaeological Resources Protection Act, to name a few.   California laws and policies also give protection to cultural resources, such as through the California Environmental Quality Act (CEQA), Govenor's Executive Order W-26-92, and the Public Resources Code Section 5020 et seq.
What this means is that archaeologists must be hired to conduct assessments of a project site before ground distrubance can occur.   Archaeologists typically first conduct what is refered to as a Phase I site assessment, which includes a search of a regional database of cultural resource sites, and a preliminary walk-over to see if any evidence of cultural resources are present.   If evidence is found either in the database search or onsite, and the resources have potential to be disturbed by the proposed project, a more detailed, Phase II, assessment may be required.
Cultural resource surveys must be conducted by a qualified archaeologist, registered with a recognized professional organization, such as the Society of Professional Archaeologists and the Society for Historial Archaeology. David Magney Environmental Consulting (DMEC) utilizes the services of local archaeology experts, such as Chester King of Topanga Archaeological Services, to perform specific cultural resources surveys.
Mr. Magney is very familiar with the requirements for cultural resource assessments and has managed a variety of projects requiring both Phase I and Phase II archaeological surveys, and has studied Native American philosophy and the Chumash culture locally.   Mr. Magney has managed archaeological surveys in Ventura, Santa Barbara, and San Luis Obispo Counties, as well as on Santa Cruz Island, which required a Phase II assessment.
DMEC has the expertise and experience to manage and coordinate appropriate cultural resource investigations, and summarize them for client and regulatory agency needs.
This page last updated 20 February 2007